World Atlas: Sudan. On this page you can see the map, country flag and many detailed information about the people, history and economy of Sudan.
Here you can find online selected information about the geography, inhabitants, government, economy and history of Sudan. Included are selected statistics, an overview map and the detailed map of Sudan. But let's start with the flag of Sudan here:
Sudan - Overview:
What you should know about Sudan? Let's start with this: Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from Anglo-Egyptian co-rule in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but another broke out in 1983. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Sudan and South Sudan have yet to fully implement security and economic agreements signed in September 2012 relating to the normalization of relations between the two countries. The final disposition of the contested Abyei region has also to be decided. Following South Sudan's independence, conflict broke out between the government and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states (together known as the Two Areas), and has resulted in 1.1 million internally displaced persons or severely affected persons needing humanitarian assistance. A separate conflict broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, displacing nearly 2 million people and causing thousands of deaths. Fighting in both the Two Areas and Darfur between government forces and opposition has largely subsided, however the civilian populations are affected by low-level violence including inter-tribal conflict and banditry, largely a result of weak rule of law. The UN and the African Union have jointly commanded a Darfur peacekeeping operation (Unamid) since 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to address insecurity in Darfur and have increasingly become targets for attacks by armed groups. Sudan also has faced refugee influxes from neighboring countries, primarily Ethiopia, Eritrea, Chad, Central African Republic, and South Sudan. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and denial of access by both the government and armed opposition have impeded the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.
Geography of Sudan
Where on the globe is Sudan? The location of this country is north-eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea. Total area of Sudan is 1,861,484 sq km, of which NA is land. How could we describe the terrain of the country? This way: generally flat, featureless plain; desert dominates the north. The lowest point of Sudan is Red Sea 0 m, the highest point Jabal Marrah 3,042 m. And the climate is hot and dry; arid desert; rainy season varies by region (April to November).
Inhabitants of Sudan
Let's take a look how many people live in Sudan. The number is: 37,345,935 (July 2017 est.). So quite a lot people live here. Who lives here? Sudanese Arab (approximately 70%), Fur, Beja, Nuba, Fallata. What are the languages in Sudan? Arabic (official), English (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, Fu. And the religions: Sunni Muslim, small Christian minority. How old are the people in average? 19.9 years. We have to add that this number is the median - so one half of the people is older than this, one half is younger. And what is their life expectancy (at birth)? This: 64.4 years. Where the people live in Sudan? Here: with the exception of a ribbon of settlement that corresponds to the banks of the Nile, northern Sudan, which extends into the dry Sahara, is sparsely populated; more abundant vegetation and broader access to water increases population distribution in the south extending habitable range along nearly the entire border with South Sudan; sizeable areas of population are found around Khartoum, southeast between the Blue and White Nile Rivers, and througout South Darfu. The major urban areas of Sudan are: Khartoum (capital) 5.129 million (2015).
Government and Economy of Sudan
The capital of Sudan is Khartoum and the government type presidential republic. Let's take a look at the administrative divisions - 18 states (wilayat, singular - wilayah); Blue Nile, Central Darfur, East Darfur, Gedaref, Gezira, Kassala, Khartoum, North Darfur, North Kordofan, Northern, Red Sea, River Nile, Sennar, South Darfur, South Kordofan, West Darfur, West Kordofan, White Nile. Regarding the economy of Sudan, important industrial products are oil, cotton ginning, textiles, cement, edible oils, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, petroleum refining, pharmaceuticals, armaments, automobile/light truck assembly, milling. Important agricultural products are cotton, groundnuts (peanuts), sorghum, millet, wheat, gum Arabic, sugarcane, cassava (manioc, tapioca), mangoes, papaya, bananas, sweet potatoes, sesame seeds; animal feed, sheep and other livestock. The most important export commodities are gold; oil and petroleum products; cotton, sesame, livestock, peanuts, gum Arabic, suga and the most important export partners are UAE 42.9%, Saudi Arabia 19.5%, Egypt 15.9% (2016). The most important import commodities are foodstuffs, manufactured goods, refinery and transport equipment, medicines, chemicals, textiles, wheat and the most important import partners are UAE 15.4%, India 11.2%, Egypt 10.4%, Saudi Arabia 9.2%, Turkey 8.9%, Japan 5% (2016). How rich is Sudan and how rich are people in this country? The most important number here is GDP per capita (PPP): $4,600 (2017 est.). This is a very low number. Let's add that this means Gross Domestic Product per person, which is recalculated with respect to the relative cost of local goods and services. And one more important number - population below poverty line: 46.5% (2009 est.).