World Atlas: Gibraltar. On this page you can see the map, country flag and many detailed information about the people, history and economy of Gibraltar.
Here you can find online selected information about the geography, inhabitants, government, economy and history of Gibraltar. Included are selected statistics, an overview map and the detailed map of Gibraltar. But let's start with the flag of Gibraltar here:
Gibraltar - Overview:
What you should know about Gibraltar? Let's start with this: Strategically important, Gibraltar was reluctantly ceded to Great Britain by Spain in the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht; the British garrison was formally declared a colony in 1830. In a referendum held in 1967, Gibraltarians voted overwhelmingly to remain a British dependency. The subsequent granting of autonomy in 1969 by the UK led Spain to close the border and sever all communication links. Between 1997 and 2002, the UK and Spain held a series of talks on establishing temporary joint sovereignty over Gibraltar. In response to these talks, the Gibraltar Government called a referendum in late 2002 in which the majority of citizens voted overwhelmingly against any sharing of sovereignty with Spain. Since late 2004, Spain, the UK, and Gibraltar have held tripartite talks with the aim of cooperatively resolving problems that affect the local population, and work continues on cooperation agreements in areas such as taxation and financial services; communications and maritime security; policy, legal and customs services; environmental protection; and education and visa services. A new noncolonial constitution came into force in 2007, and the European Court of First Instance recognized Gibraltar's right to regulate its own tax regime in December 2008. The UK retains responsibility for defense, foreign relations, internal security, and financial stability. Spain and the UK continue to spar over the territory. Throughout 2009, a dispute over Gibraltar's claim to territorial waters extending out three miles gave rise to periodic non-violent maritime confrontations between Spanish and UK naval patrols and in 2013, the British reported a record number of entries by Spanish vessels into waters claimed by Gibraltar following a dispute over Gibraltar's creation of an artificial reef in those waters. Spain renewed its demands for an eventual return of Gibraltar to Spanish control after the UK’s June 2016 vote to leave the EU, but London has dismissed any connection between the vote and its future commitment to Gibraltar. The European Commission has said that the UK will need to reach a separate bilateral agreement with Spain to allow Gibraltar to be covered by the UK's broader EU exit agreement.
Geography of Gibraltar
Where on the globe is Gibraltar? The location of this country is Southwestern Europe, bordering the Strait of Gibraltar, which links the Mediterranean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, on the southern coast of Spain. Total area of Gibraltar is 6.5 sq km, of which 6.5 sq km is land. So this is quite a small country. How could we describe the terrain of the country? This way: a narrow coastal lowland borders the Rock of Gibralta. The lowest point of Gibraltar is Mediterranean Sea 0 m, the highest point Rock of Gibraltar 426 m. And the climate is Mediterranean with mild winters and warm summers.
Inhabitants of Gibraltar
Let's take a look how many people live in Gibraltar. The number is: 29,396 (July 2017 est.). So not so many people live here. Who lives here? Gibraltarian 79%, other British 13.2%, Spanish 2.1%, Moroccan 1.6%, other EU 2.4%, other 1.6% (2012 est.). What are the languages in Gibraltar? English (used in schools and for official purposes), Spanish, Italian, Portuguese. And the religions: Roman Catholic 72.1%, Church of England 7.7%, other Christian 3.8%, Muslim 3.6%, Jewish 2.4%, Hindu 2%, other 1.1%, none 7.1%, unspecified 0.1% (2012 est.). How old are the people in average? 34.7 years. We have to add that this number is the median - so one half of the people is older than this, one half is younger. And what is their life expectancy (at birth)? This: 79.6 years. Where the people live in Gibraltar? Here: unknown. The major urban areas of Gibraltar are: Gibraltar (capital) 29,000 (2014).
Government and Economy of Gibraltar
The capital of Gibraltar is Gibralta and the government type parliamentary democracy (Parliament); self-governing overseas territory of the UK. Let's take a look at the administrative divisions - none (overseas territory of the UK). Regarding the economy of Gibraltar, important industrial products are tourism, banking and finance, ship repairing, tobacco. Important agricultural products are none. The most important export commodities are (principally reexports) petroleum 51%, manufactured goods (2010 est.) and the most important export partners are Spain 22.5%, Poland 16.7%, Netherlands 15.1%, UK 9.9%, Belgium 8.5%, Cote dIvoire 5%, Lebanon 4.2% (2016). The most important import commodities are fuels, manufactured goods, foodstuffs and the most important import partners are US 22.3%, India 15.2%, Italy 11.2%, Spain 8.6%, Netherlands 7.2%, UK 6.1%, Greece 5.3%, France 4.3% (2016). How rich is Gibraltar and how rich are people in this country? The most important number here is GDP per capita (PPP): $61,700 (2014 est.). This means the people are rich on average here. Let's add that this means Gross Domestic Product per person, which is recalculated with respect to the relative cost of local goods and services. And one more important number - population below poverty line: NA%.