World Atlas: Brunei. On this page you can see the map, country flag and many detailed information about the people, history and economy of Brunei.
Here you can find online selected information about the geography, inhabitants, government, economy and history of Brunei. Included are selected statistics, an overview map and the detailed map of Brunei. But let's start with the flag of Brunei here:
Brunei - Overview:
What you should know about Brunei? Let's start with this: The Sultanate of Brunei's influence peaked between the 15th and 17th centuries when its control extended over coastal areas of northwest Borneo and the southern Philippines. Brunei subsequently entered a period of decline brought on by internal strife over royal succession, colonial expansion of European powers, and piracy. In 1888, Brunei became a British protectorate; independence was achieved in 1984. The same family has ruled Brunei for over six centuries. Brunei benefits from extensive petroleum and natural gas fields, the source of one of the highest per capita GDPs in the world. In 2017, Brunei celebrated the 50th anniversary of the Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah’s accession to the throne.
Geography of Brunei
Where on the globe is Brunei? The location of this country is Southeastern Asia, along the northern coast of the island of Borneo, bordering the South China Sea and Malaysia. Total area of Brunei is 5,765 sq km, of which 5,265 sq km is land. So this is quite a small country. How could we describe the terrain of the country? This way: flat coastal plain rises to mountains in east; hilly lowland in west. The lowest point of Brunei is South China Sea 0 m, the highest point Bukit Pagon 1,850 m. And the climate is tropical; hot, humid, rainy.
Inhabitants of Brunei
Let's take a look how many people live in Brunei. The number is: 443,593 (July 2017 est.). So not so many people live here. Who lives here? Malay 65.7%, Chinese 10.3%, other 24% (2016 est.). What are the languages in Brunei? Malay (Bahasa Melayu) (official), English, Chinese dialects. And the religions: Muslim (official) 78.8%, Christian 8.7%, Buddhist 7.8%, other (includes indigenous beliefs) 4.7% (2011 est.). How old are the people in average? 30.2 years. We have to add that this number is the median - so one half of the people is older than this, one half is younger. And what is their life expectancy (at birth)? This: 77.3 years. Where the people live in Brunei? Here: unknown. The major urban areas of Brunei are: Bandar SERI Begawan (capital) 241,000.
Government and Economy of Brunei
The capital of Brunei is Bandar Seri Begawan and the government type absolute monarchy or sultanate. Let's take a look at the administrative divisions - 4 districts (daerah-daerah, singular - daerah); Belait, Brunei-Muara, Temburong, Tutong. Regarding the economy of Brunei, important industrial products are petroleum, petroleum refining, liquefied natural gas, construction, agriculture, transportation. Important agricultural products are rice, vegetables, fruits; chickens, water buffalo, cattle, goats, eggs. The most important export commodities are mineral fuels, organic chemicals and the most important export partners are Japan 36.5%, South Korea 16.8%, Thailand 10.6%, India 9.8%, Malaysia 6.6%, China 4.6% (2016). The most important import commodities are machinery and mechanical appliance parts, mineral fuels, motor vehicles, electric machinery and the most important import partners are US 28.4%, Malaysia 24%, Singapore 7.1%, Indonesia 5.7%, Japan 5.3%, China 4.9%, Australia 4.3% (2016). How rich is Brunei and how rich are people in this country? The most important number here is GDP per capita (PPP): $76,700 (2017 est.). This means the people are rich on average here. Let's add that this means Gross Domestic Product per person, which is recalculated with respect to the relative cost of local goods and services. And one more important number - population below poverty line: NA%.