World Atlas: Cambodia. On this page you can see the map, country flag and many detailed information about the people, history and economy of Cambodia.
Here you can find online selected information about the geography, inhabitants, government, economy and history of Cambodia. Included are selected statistics, an overview map and the detailed map of Cambodia. But let's start with the flag of Cambodia here:
Cambodia - Overview:
What you should know about Cambodia? Let's start with this: Most Cambodians consider themselves to be Khmers, descendants of the Angkor Empire that extended over much of Southeast Asia and reached its zenith between the 10th and 13th centuries. Attacks by the Thai and Cham (from present-day Vietnam) weakened the empire, ushering in a long period of decline. The king placed the country under French protection in 1863, and it became part of French Indochina in 1887. Following Japanese occupation in World War II, Cambodia gained full independence from France in 1953. In April 1975, after a seven-year struggle, communist Khmer Rouge forces captured Phnom Penh and evacuated all cities and towns. At least 1.5 million Cambodians died from execution, forced hardships, or starvation during the Khmer Rouge regime under POL POT. A December 1978 Vietnamese invasion drove the Khmer Rouge into the countryside, began a 10-year Vietnamese occupation, and touched off almost 13 years of civil war. The 1991 Paris Peace Accords mandated democratic elections and a cease-fire, which was not fully respected by the Khmer Rouge. UN-sponsored elections in 1993 helped restore some semblance of normalcy under a coalition government. Factional fighting in 1997 ended the first coalition government, but a second round of national elections in 1998 led to the formation of another coalition government and renewed political stability. The remaining elements of the Khmer Rouge surrendered in early 1999. Some of the surviving Khmer Rouge leaders have been tried or are awaiting trial for crimes against humanity by a hybrid UN-Cambodian tribunal supported by international assistance. Elections in July 2003 were relatively peaceful, but it took one year of negotiations between contending political parties before a coalition government was formed. In October 2004, King Norodom Sihanouk abdicated the throne and his son, Prince Norodom Sihamoni, was selected to succeed him. The most recent local (Commune Council) elections were held in Cambodia in 2012, with little of the preelection violence that preceded prior elections. National elections in July 2013 were disputed, with the opposition - the Cambodian National Rescue Party (CNRP) - boycotting the National Assembly. The political impasse was ended nearly a year later, with the CNRP agreeing to enter parliament in exchange for ruling party commitments to electoral and legislative reforms. The CNRP made further gains in local commune elections in June 2017, accelerating sitting Prime Minister Hun SEN’s efforts to marginalize the CNRP before national elections in 2018. Hun Sen arrested CNRP’s President Kem Sokha in September 2017 and subsequently dissolved the CNRP in November 2017 and banned its leaders from participating in politics for at least five years. CNRP’s seats in the National Assembly were redistributed to smaller, more pliant opposition parties.
Geography of Cambodia
Where on the globe is Cambodia? The location of this country is Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos. Total area of Cambodia is 181,035 sq km, of which 176,515 sq km is land. So this is not a large country. How could we describe the terrain of the country? This way: mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north. The lowest point of Cambodia is Gulf of Thailand 0 m, the highest point Phnum Aoral 1,810 m. And the climate is tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); dry season (December to April); little seasonal temperature variation.
Inhabitants of Cambodia
Let's take a look how many people live in Cambodia. The number is: 16,204,486. So this is not very populous country. Who lives here? Khmer 97.6%, Cham 1.2%, Chinese 0.1%, Vietnamese 0.1%, other 0.9% (2013 est.). What are the languages in Cambodia? Khmer (official) 96.3%, other 3.7% (2008 est.). And the religions: Buddhist (official) 96.9%, Muslim 1.9%, Christian 0.4%, other 0.8% (2008 est.). How old are the people in average? 25.3 years. We have to add that this number is the median - so one half of the people is older than this, one half is younger. And what is their life expectancy (at birth)? This: 64.9 years. Where the people live in Cambodia? Here: population concentrated in the southeast, particularly in and around the capital of Phnom Penh; further distribution is linked closely to the Tonle Sap and Mekong Rivers. The major urban areas of Cambodia are: Phnom PENH (capital) 1.731 million (2015).
Government and Economy of Cambodia
The capital of Cambodia is Phnom Penh and the government type parliamentary constitutional monarchy. Let's take a look at the administrative divisions - 24 provinces (khett, singular and plural) and 1 municipality (krong, singular and plural). Regarding the economy of Cambodia, important industrial products are tourism, garments, construction, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining, textiles. Important agricultural products are rice, rubber, corn, vegetables, cashews, cassava (manioc, tapioca), silk. The most important export commodities are clothing, timber, rubber, rice, fish, tobacco, footwea and the most important export partners are US 21.3%, UK 9.4%, Germany 9%, Japan 8.2%, Canada 6.5%, China 6%, Thailand 4.2%, Spain 4% (2016). The most important import commodities are petroleum products, cigarettes, gold, construction materials, machinery, motor vehicles, pharmaceutical products and the most important import partners are China 35.3%, Thailand 14.8%, Vietnam 11%, Singapore 4.4%, Japan 4.1%, Hong Kong 4% (2016). How rich is Cambodia and how rich are people in this country? The most important number here is GDP per capita (PPP): $4,000 (2017 est.). This is a very low number. Let's add that this means Gross Domestic Product per person, which is recalculated with respect to the relative cost of local goods and services. And one more important number - population below poverty line: 17.7% (2012 est.).