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World Atlas: El Salvador

World Atlas: El Salvador. On this page you can see the map, country flag and many detailed information about the people, history and economy of El Salvador.

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Information about El Salvador

Here you can find online selected information about the geography, inhabitants, government, economy and history of El Salvador. Included are selected statistics, an overview map and the detailed map of El Salvador. But let's start with the flag of El Salvador here:

El Salvador - Overview:

What you should know about El Salvador? Let's start with this: El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms. El Salvador is beset by one of the world’s highest homicide rates and pervasive criminal gangs.

Geography of El Salvador

Where on the globe is El Salvador? The location of this country is Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras. Total area of El Salvador is 21,041 sq km, of which 20,721 sq km is land. So this is not a large country. How could we describe the terrain of the country? This way: mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau. The lowest point of El Salvador is Pacific Ocean 0 m, the highest point Cerro El Pital 2,730 m. And the climate is tropical; rainy season (May to October); dry season (November to April); tropical on coast; temperate in uplands.

Inhabitants of El Salvador

Let's take a look how many people live in El Salvador. The number is: 6,172,011 (July 2017 est.). So this is not very populous country. Who lives here? mestizo 86.3%, white 12.7%, Amerindian 0.2% (includes Lenca, Kakawira, Nahua-Pipil), black 0.1%, other 0.6% (2007 est.). What are the languages in El Salvador? Spanish (official), Nawat (among some Amerindians). And the religions: Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 36%, other 2%, none 12% (2014 est.). How old are the people in average? 27.1 years. We have to add that this number is the median - so one half of the people is older than this, one half is younger. And what is their life expectancy (at birth)? This: 74.9 years. Where the people live in El Salvador? Here: athough it is the smallest country in land area in Central America, El Salvador has a population that is 18 times larger than Belize; at least 20% of the population lives abroad; high population density country-wide, with particular concentration around the capital of San Salvado. The major urban areas of El Salvador are: SAN Salvador (capital) 1.098 million (2015).

Government and Economy of El Salvador

The capital of El Salvador is San Salvado and the government type presidential republic. Let's take a look at the administrative divisions - 14 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Ahuachapan, Cabanas, Chalatenango, Cuscatlan, La Libertad, La Paz, La Union, Morazan, San Miguel, San Salvador, San Vicente, Santa Ana, Sonsonate, Usulutan. Regarding the economy of El Salvador, important industrial products are food processing, beverages, petroleum, chemicals, fertilizer, textiles, furniture, light metals. Important agricultural products are coffee, sugar, corn, rice, beans, oilseed, cotton, sorghum; beef, dairy products. The most important export commodities are offshore assembly exports, coffee, sugar, textiles and apparel, ethanol, chemicals, electricity, iron and steel manufactures and the most important export partners are US 48.3%, Honduras 14.2%, Guatemala 13.5%, Nicaragua 6.5%, Costa Rica 4.7% (2016). The most important import commodities are raw materials, consumer goods, capital goods, fuels, foodstuffs, petroleum, electricity and the most important import partners are US 37.9%, Guatemala 10.2%, China 8.8%, Mexico 7.6%, Honduras 6.3% (2016). How rich is El Salvador and how rich are people in this country? The most important number here is GDP per capita (PPP): $8,900 (2017 est.). This is quite a low number. Let's add that this means Gross Domestic Product per person, which is recalculated with respect to the relative cost of local goods and services. And one more important number - population below poverty line: 34.9% (2015 est.).

Map of El Salvador

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