World Atlas: Antigua and Barbuda. On this page you can see the map, country flag and many detailed information about the people, history and economy of Antigua and Barbuda.
Here you can find online selected information about the geography, inhabitants, government, economy and history of Antigua and Barbuda. Included are selected statistics, an overview map and the detailed map of Antigua and Barbuda. But let's start with the flag of Antigua and Barbuda here:
Antigua and Barbuda - Overview:
What you should know about Antigua and Barbuda? Let's start with this: The Siboney were the first people to inhabit the islands of Antigua and Barbuda in 2400 B.C., but Arawak Indians populated the islands when Columbus landed on his second voyage in 1493. Early Spanish and French settlements were succeeded by an English colony in 1667. Slavery, established to run the sugar plantations on Antigua, was abolished in 1834. The islands became an independent state within the British Commonwealth of Nations in 1981. On 6 September 2017, Hurricane Irma passed over the island of Barbuda devastating the island and forcing the evacuation of the population to Antigua. Almost all the structures on Barbuda were destroyed and the vegetation stripped, but Antigua was spared the worst.
Geography of Antigua and Barbuda
Where on the globe is Antigua and Barbuda? The location of this country is Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east-southeast of Puerto Rico. Total area of Antigua and Barbuda is 442.6 sq km (Antigua 280 sq km; Barbuda 161 sq km), of which 442.6 sq km is land. So this is quite a small country. How could we describe the terrain of the country? This way: mostly low-lying limestone and coral islands, with some higher volcanic areas. The lowest point of Antigua and Barbuda is Caribbean Sea 0 m, the highest point Mount Obama 402 m. And the climate is tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation.
Inhabitants of Antigua and Barbuda
Let's take a look how many people live in Antigua and Barbuda. The number is: 94,731 (July 2017 est.). So not so many people live here. Who lives here? black 87.3%, mixed 4.7%, hispanic 2.7%, white 1.6%, other 2.7%, unspecified 0.9% (2011 est.). What are the languages in Antigua and Barbuda? English (official), Antiguan creole. And the religions: Protestant 68.3% (Anglican 17.6%, Seventh Day Adventist 12.4%, Pentecostal 12.2%, Moravian 8.3%, Methodist 5.6%, Wesleyan Holiness 4.5%, Church of God 4.1%, Baptist 3.6%), Roman Catholic 8.2%, other 12.2%, unspecified 5.5%, none 5.9% (2011 est.). How old are the people in average? 31.9 years. We have to add that this number is the median - so one half of the people is older than this, one half is younger. And what is their life expectancy (at birth)? This: 76.7 years. Where the people live in Antigua and Barbuda? Here: the island of Antigua is home to approximately 97% of the population; nearly the entire population of Barbuda lives in Codrington. The major urban areas of Antigua and Barbuda are: Saint JOHN'S (capital) 22,000 (2014).
Government and Economy of Antigua and Barbuda
The capital of Antigua and Barbuda is Saint John's and the government type parliamentary democracy (Parliament) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm. Let's take a look at the administrative divisions - 6 parishes and 2 dependencies; Barbuda, Redonda, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mary, Saint Paul, Saint Peter, Saint Philip. Regarding the economy of Antigua and Barbuda, important industrial products are tourism, construction, light manufacturing (clothing, alcohol, household appliances). Important agricultural products are cotton, fruits, vegetables, bananas, coconuts, cucumbers, mangoes, sugarcane; livestock. The most important export commodities are petroleum products, bedding, handicrafts, electronic components, transport equipment, food and live animals and the most important export partners are Poland 53.2%, UK 12.7%, Cameroon 7.2%, Germany 5.5%, US 4.5% (2016). The most important import commodities are food and live animals, machinery and transport equipment, manufactures, chemicals, oil and the most important import partners are US 44.3%, Japan 4.7%, China 4.1% (2016). How rich is Antigua and Barbuda and how rich are people in this country? The most important number here is GDP per capita (PPP): $26,300 (2017 est.). This means the living standards are good here. Let's add that this means Gross Domestic Product per person, which is recalculated with respect to the relative cost of local goods and services. And one more important number - population below poverty line: NA%.