World Atlas: Bangladesh. On this page you can see the map, country flag and many detailed information about the people, history and economy of Bangladesh.
Here you can find online selected information about the geography, inhabitants, government, economy and history of Bangladesh. Included are selected statistics, an overview map and the detailed map of Bangladesh. But let's start with the flag of Bangladesh here:
Bangladesh - Overview:
What you should know about Bangladesh? Let's start with this: The huge delta region formed at the confluence of the Ganges and Brahmaputra River systems - now referred to as Bangladesh - was a loosely incorporated outpost of various empires centered on the Gangetic plain for much of the first millennium A.D. Muslim conversions and settlement in the region began in the 10th century, primarily from Arab and Persian traders and preachers. Europeans established trading posts in the area in the 16th century. Eventually the area known as Bengal, primarily Hindu in the western section and mostly Muslim in the eastern half, became part of British India. Partition in 1947 resulted in an eastern wing of Pakistan in the Muslim-majority area, which became East Pakistan. Calls for greater autonomy and animosity between the eastern and western wings of Pakistan led to a Bengali independence movement. That movement, led by the Awami League (AL) and supported by India, won the independence war for Bangladesh in 1971. The post-independence AL government faced daunting challenges and in 1975 was overthrown by the military, triggering a series of military coups that resulted in a military-backed government and subsequent creation of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) in 1978. That government also ended in a coup in 1981, followed by military-backed rule until democratic elections occurred in 1991. The BNP and AL alternated in power between 1991 and 2013, with the exception of a military-backed, emergency caretaker regime that suspended parliamentary elections planned for January 2007 in an effort to reform the political system and root out corruption. That government returned the country to fully democratic rule in December 2008 with the election of the AL and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina. In January 2014, the incumbent AL won the national election by an overwhelming majority after the BNP boycotted, extending Hasina's term as prime minister. With the help of international development assistance, Bangladesh has reduced the poverty rate from over half of the population to less than a third, achieved Millennium Development Goals for maternal and child health, and made great progress in food security since independence. The economy has grown at an annual average of about 6% over the last two decades and the country reached World Bank lower-middle income status in 2015.
Geography of Bangladesh
Where on the globe is Bangladesh? The location of this country is Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India. Total area of Bangladesh is 148,460 sq km, of which 130,170 sq km is land. So this is not a large country. How could we describe the terrain of the country? This way: mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast. The lowest point of Bangladesh is Indian Ocean 0 m, the highest point Keokradong 1,230 m. And the climate is tropical; mild winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); humid, warm rainy monsoon (June to October).
Inhabitants of Bangladesh
Let's take a look how many people live in Bangladesh. The number is: 157,826,578 (July 2017 est.). So this country is among the most populous in the World. Who lives here? Bengali at least 98%, ethnic groups 1.1%. What are the languages in Bangladesh? Bangla 98.8% (official, also known as Bengali), other 1.2% (2011 est.). And the religions: Muslim 89.1%, Hindu 10%, other 0.9% (includes Buddhist, Christian) (2013 est.). How old are the people in average? 26.7 years. We have to add that this number is the median - so one half of the people is older than this, one half is younger. And what is their life expectancy (at birth)? This: 73.4 years. Where the people live in Bangladesh? Here: unknown. The major urban areas of Bangladesh are: Dhaka (capital) 17.598 million; Chittagong 4.539 million; Khulna 1.022 million; Rajshahi 844,000 (2015).
Government and Economy of Bangladesh
The capital of Bangladesh is Dhaka and the government type parliamentary republic. Let's take a look at the administrative divisions - 8 divisions; Barisal, Chittagong, Dhaka, Khulna, Mymensingh, Rajshahi, Rangpur, Sylhet. Regarding the economy of Bangladesh, important industrial products are jute, cotton, garments, paper, leather, fertilizer, iron and steel, cement, petroleum products, tobacco, pharmaceuticals, ceramics, tea, salt, sugar, edible oils, soap and detergent, fabricated metal products, electricity, natural gas. Important agricultural products are rice, jute, tea, wheat, sugarcane, potatoes, tobacco, pulses, oilseeds, spices, fruit; beef, milk, poultry. The most important export commodities are garments, knitwear, agricultural products, frozen food (fish and seafood), jute and jute goods, leathe and the most important export partners are US 13.1%, Germany 12.7%, UK 8.6%, France 5.1%, Spain 5% (2016). The most important import commodities are cotton, machinery and equipment, chemicals, iron and steel, foodstuffs and the most important import partners are China 24.3%, India 13.4%, Singapore 5.1%, Japan 4.5% (2016). How rich is Bangladesh and how rich are people in this country? The most important number here is GDP per capita (PPP): $4,200 (2017 est.). This is a very low number. Let's add that this means Gross Domestic Product per person, which is recalculated with respect to the relative cost of local goods and services. And one more important number - population below poverty line: 31.5% (2010 est.).