World Atlas: Cameroon. On this page you can see the map, country flag and many detailed information about the people, history and economy of Cameroon.
Here you can find online selected information about the geography, inhabitants, government, economy and history of Cameroon. Included are selected statistics, an overview map and the detailed map of Cameroon. But let's start with the flag of Cameroon here:
Cameroon - Overview:
What you should know about Cameroon? Let's start with this: French Cameroon became independent in 1960 as the Republic of Cameroon. The following year the southern portion of neighboring British Cameroon voted to merge with the new country to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon. In 1972, a new constitution replaced the federation with a unitary state, the United Republic of Cameroon. The country has generally enjoyed stability, which has enabled the development of agriculture, roads, and railways, as well as a petroleum industry. Despite slow movement toward democratic reform, political power remains firmly in the hands of President Paul BIYA.
Geography of Cameroon
Where on the globe is Cameroon? The location of this country is Central Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria. Total area of Cameroon is 475,440 sq km, of which 472,710 sq km is land. So this is quite a large country. How could we describe the terrain of the country? This way: diverse, with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau in center, mountains in west, plains in north. The lowest point of Cameroon is Atlantic Ocean 0 m, the highest point Fako on Mont Cameroun 4,045 m. And the climate is varies with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north.
Inhabitants of Cameroon
Let's take a look how many people live in Cameroon. The number is: 24,994,885. So quite a lot people live here. Who lives here? Cameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1%. What are the languages in Cameroon? 24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official). And the religions: Roman Catholic 38.4%, Protestant 26.3%, other Christian 4.5%, Muslim 20.9%, animist 5.6%, other 1%, non-believer 3.2% (2005 est.). How old are the people in average? 18.5 years. We have to add that this number is the median - so one half of the people is older than this, one half is younger. And what is their life expectancy (at birth)? This: 59 years. Where the people live in Cameroon? Here: population concentrated in the west and north, with the interior of the country sparsely populated. The major urban areas of Cameroon are: Yaounde (capital) 3.066 million; Douala 2.943 million (2015).
Government and Economy of Cameroon
The capital of Cameroon is Yaounde and the government type presidential republic. Let's take a look at the administrative divisions - 10 regions (regions, singular - region); Adamaoua, Centre, East (Est), Far North (Extreme-Nord), Littoral, North (Nord), North-West (Nord-Ouest), West (Ouest), South (Sud), South-West (Sud-Ouest). Regarding the economy of Cameroon, important industrial products are petroleum production and refining, aluminum production, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, lumber, ship repai. Important agricultural products are coffee, cocoa, cotton, rubber, bananas, oilseed, grains, cassava (manioc, tapioca); livestock; timbe. The most important export commodities are crude oil and petroleum products, lumber, cocoa beans, aluminum, coffee, cotton and the most important export partners are Netherlands 21%, India 11.3%, Italy 11%, China 8%, Spain 6.7%, France 5.9% (2016). The most important import commodities are machinery, electrical equipment, transport equipment, fuel, food and the most important import partners are China 17.8%, Nigeria 12%, France 11%, Thailand 4.6%, Togo 4.5% (2016). How rich is Cameroon and how rich are people in this country? The most important number here is GDP per capita (PPP): $3,400 (2017 est.). This is a very low number. Let's add that this means Gross Domestic Product per person, which is recalculated with respect to the relative cost of local goods and services. And one more important number - population below poverty line: 30% (2001 est.).