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World Atlas: China

World Atlas: China. On this page you can see the map, country flag and many detailed information about the people, history and economy of China.

Home - Asia - China

Information about China

Here you can find online selected information about the geography, inhabitants, government, economy and history of China. Included are selected statistics, an overview map and the detailed map of China. But let's start with the flag of China here:

China - Overview:

What you should know about China? Let's start with this: For centuries China stood as a leading civilization, outpacing the rest of the world in the arts and sciences, but in the 19th and early 20th centuries, the country was beset by civil unrest, major famines, military defeats, and foreign occupation. After World War II, the Communist Party of China under MAO Zedong established an autocratic socialist system that, while ensuring China's sovereignty, imposed strict controls over everyday life and cost the lives of tens of millions of people. After 1978, MAO's successor DENG Xiaoping and other leaders focused on market-oriented economic development and by 2000 output had quadrupled. For much of the population, living standards have improved dramatically but political controls remain tight. Since the early 1990s, China has increased its global outreach and participation in international organizations.

Geography of China

Where on the globe is China? The location of this country is Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam. Total area of China is 9,596,960 sq km, of which 9,326,410 sq km is land. This is one of the largest countries in the World. How could we describe the terrain of the country? This way: mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in west; plains, deltas, and hills in east. The lowest point of China is Turpan Pendi -154 m, the highest point Mount Everest 8,848 m (highest peak in Asia and highest point on earth above sea level). And the climate is extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north.

Inhabitants of China

Let's take a look how many people live in China. The number is: 1,379,302,771 (July 2017 est.). So this is really a huge population. Who lives here? Han Chinese 91.6%, Zhuang 1.3%, other (includes Hui, Manchu, Uighur, Miao, Yi, Tujia, Tibetan, Mongol, Dong, Buyei, Yao, Bai, Korean, Hani, Li, Kazakh, Dai, and other nationalities) 7.1%. What are the languages in China? Standard Chinese or Mandarin (official; Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry). And the religions: Buddhist 18.2%, Christian 5.1%, Muslim 1.8%, folk religion 21.9%, Hindu < 0.1%, Jewish < 0.1%, other 0.7% (includes Daoist (Taoist)), unaffiliated 52.2%. How old are the people in average? 37.4 years. We have to add that this number is the median - so one half of the people is older than this, one half is younger. And what is their life expectancy (at birth)? This: 75.7 years. Where the people live in China? Here: overwhelming majority of the population is found in the eastern half of the country; the west, with its vast mountainous and desert areas, remains sparsely populated; though ranked first in the world in total population, overall density is less than that of many other countries in Asia and Europe; high population density is found along the Yangtze and Yellow River valleys, the Xi Jiang River delta, the Sichuan Basin (around Chengdu), in and around Beijing, and the industrial area around Shenyang. The major urban areas of China are: Shanghai 23.741 million; Beijing (capital) 20.384 million; Chongqing 13.332 million; Guangdong 12.458 million; Tianjin 11.21 million; Shenzhen 10.749 million (2015).

Government and Economy of China

The capital of China is Beijing and the government type communist party-led state. Let's take a look at the administrative divisions - 23 provinces (sheng, singular and plural), 5 autonomous regions (zizhiqu, singular and plural), and 4 municipalities (shi, singular and plural). Regarding the economy of China, important industrial products are world leader in gross value of industrial output; mining and ore processing, iron, steel, aluminum, and other metals, coal; machine building; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemicals; fertilizer; consumer products (including footwear, toys, and electronics); food processing; transportation equipment, including automobiles, railcars and locomotives, ships, aircraft; telecommunications equipment, commercial space launch vehicles, satellites. Important agricultural products are world leader in gross value of agricultural output; rice, wheat, potatoes, corn, tobacco, peanuts, tea, apples, cotton, pork, mutton, eggs; fish, shrimp. The most important export commodities are electrical and other machinery, including computers and telecommunications equipment, apparel, furniture, textiles and the most important export partners are US 18.2%, Hong Kong 13.8%, Japan 6.1%, South Korea 4.5% (2016). The most important import commodities are electrical and other machinery, including integrated circuits and other computer components, oil and mineral fuels; optical and medical equipment, metal ores, motor vehicles; soybeans and the most important import partners are South Korea 10%, Japan 9.2%, US 8.5%, Germany 5.4%, Australia 4.4% (2016). How rich is China and how rich are people in this country? The most important number here is GDP per capita (PPP): $16,600 (2017 est.). This is quite good. Let's add that this means Gross Domestic Product per person, which is recalculated with respect to the relative cost of local goods and services. And one more important number - population below poverty line: 3.3%.

Map of China

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