World Atlas: Czech Republic. On this page you can see the map, country flag and many detailed information about the people, history and economy of Czech Republic.
Here you can find online selected information about the geography, inhabitants, government, economy and history of Czech Republic. Included are selected statistics, an overview map and the detailed map of Czech Republic. But let's start with the flag of Czech Republic here:
Czech Republic - Overview:
What you should know about Czech Republic? Let's start with this: At the close of World War I, the Czechs and Slovaks of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire merged to form Czechoslovakia. During the interwar years, having rejected a federal system, the new country's predominantly Czech leaders were frequently preoccupied with meeting the increasingly strident demands of other ethnic minorities within the republic, most notably the Slovaks, the Sudeten Germans, and the Ruthenians (Ukrainians). On the eve of World War II, Nazi Germany occupied the territory that today comprises Czechia, and Slovakia became an independent state allied with Germany. After the war, a reunited but truncated Czechoslovakia (less Ruthenia) fell within the Soviet sphere of influence. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country's leaders to liberalize communist rule and create "socialism with a human face," ushering in a period of repression known as "normalization." The peaceful "Velvet Revolution" swept the Communist Party from power at the end of 1989 and inaugurated a return to democratic rule and a market economy. On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a nonviolent "velvet divorce" into its two national components, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004. The country changed its short-form name to Czechia in 2016.
Geography of Czech Republic
Where on the globe is Czech Republic? The location of this country is Central Europe, between Germany, Poland, Slovakia, and Austria. Total area of Czech Republic is 78,867 sq km, of which 77,247 sq km is land. So this is not a large country. How could we describe the terrain of the country? This way: Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country. The lowest point of Czech Republic is Labe (Elbe) River 115 m, the highest point Snezka 1,602 m. And the climate is temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters.
Inhabitants of Czech Republic
Let's take a look how many people live in Czech Republic. The number is: 10,674,723 (July 2017 est.). So this is not very populous country. Who lives here? Czech 64.3%, Moravian 5%, Slovak 1.4%, other 1.8%, unspecified 27.5% (2011 est.). What are the languages in Czech Republic? Czech (official) 95.4%, Slovak 1.6%, other 3% (2011 census). And the religions: Roman Catholic 10.4%, Protestant (includes Czech Brethren and Hussite) 1.1%, other and unspecified 54%, none 34.5% (2011 est.). How old are the people in average? 42.1 years. We have to add that this number is the median - so one half of the people is older than this, one half is younger. And what is their life expectancy (at birth)? This: 78.8 years. Where the people live in Czech Republic? Here: a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, but the northern and eastern regions tend to have larger urban concentrations. The major urban areas of Czech Republic are: Prague (capital) 1.314 million (2015).
Government and Economy of Czech Republic
The capital of Czech Republic is Prague and the government type parliamentary republic. Let's take a look at the administrative divisions - 13 regions (kraje, singular - kraj) and 1 capital city (hlavni mesto); Jihocesky (South Bohemia), Jihomoravsky (South Moravia), Karlovarsky (Karlovy Vary), Kralovehradecky (Hradec Kralove), Liberecky (Liberec), Moravskoslezsky (Moravia-Silesia), Olomoucky (Olomouc), Pardubicky (Pardubice), Plzensky (Pilsen), Praha (Prague), Stredocesky (Central Bohemia), Ustecky (Usti), Vysocina (Highlands), Zlinsky (Zlin). Regarding the economy of Czech Republic, important industrial products are motor vehicles, metallurgy, machinery and equipment, glass, armaments. Important agricultural products are wheat, potatoes, sugar beets, hops, fruit; pigs, poultry. The most important export commodities are machinery and transport equipment, raw materials, fuel, chemicals and the most important export partners are Germany 32.4%, Slovakia 8.4%, Poland 5.8%, UK 5.2%, France 5.2%, Italy 4.3%, Austria 4.2% (2016). The most important import commodities are machinery and transport equipment, raw materials and fuels, chemicals and the most important import partners are Germany 30.6%, Poland 9.6%, China 7.5%, Slovakia 6.3%, Netherlands 5.3%, Italy 4.1% (2016). How rich is Czech Republic and how rich are people in this country? The most important number here is GDP per capita (PPP): $35,200 (2017 est.). This means the living standards are good here. Let's add that this means Gross Domestic Product per person, which is recalculated with respect to the relative cost of local goods and services. And one more important number - population below poverty line: 9.7% (2015 est.).