World Atlas: Honduras. On this page you can see the map, country flag and many detailed information about the people, history and economy of Honduras.
Here you can find online selected information about the geography, inhabitants, government, economy and history of Honduras. Included are selected statistics, an overview map and the detailed map of Honduras. But let's start with the flag of Honduras here:
Honduras - Overview:
What you should know about Honduras? Let's start with this: Once part of Spain's vast empire in the New World, Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After two and a half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting leftist guerrillas. The country was devastated by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, which killed about 5,600 people and caused approximately $2 billion in damage. Since then, the economy has slowly rebounded.
Geography of Honduras
Where on the globe is Honduras? The location of this country is Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the Gulf of Fonseca (North Pacific Ocean), between El Salvador and Nicaragua. Total area of Honduras is 112,090 sq km, of which 111,890 sq km is land. So this is not a large country. How could we describe the terrain of the country? This way: mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains. The lowest point of Honduras is Caribbean Sea 0 m, the highest point Cerro Las Minas 2,870 m. And the climate is subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains.
Inhabitants of Honduras
Let's take a look how many people live in Honduras. The number is: 9,038,741. So this is not very populous country. Who lives here? mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%. What are the languages in Honduras? Spanish (official), Amerindian dialects. And the religions: Roman Catholic 46%, Protestant 41%, atheist 1%, other 2%, none 9% (2014 est.). How old are the people in average? 23 years. We have to add that this number is the median - so one half of the people is older than this, one half is younger. And what is their life expectancy (at birth)? This: 71.2 years. Where the people live in Honduras? Here: most residents live in the mountainous western half of the country; unlike other Central American nations, Honduras is the only one with an urban population that is distributed between two large centers - the capital of Tegucigalpa and the city of San Pedro Sula; the Rio Ulua valley in the north is the only densely populated lowland area. The major urban areas of Honduras are: Tegucigalpa (capital) 1.123 million; San Pedro Sula 852,000 (2015).
Government and Economy of Honduras
The capital of Honduras is Tegucigalpa and the government type presidential republic. Let's take a look at the administrative divisions - 18 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Atlantida, Choluteca, Colon, Comayagua, Copan, Cortes, El Paraiso, Francisco Morazan, Gracias a Dios, Intibuca, Islas de la Bahia, La Paz, Lempira, Ocotepeque, Olancho, Santa Barbara, Valle, Yoro. Regarding the economy of Honduras, important industrial products are sugar processing, coffee, woven and knit apparel, wood products, cigars. Important agricultural products are bananas, coffee, citrus, corn, African palm; beef; timber; shrimp, tilapia, lobster, sugar, oriental vegetables. The most important export commodities are coffee, apparel, coffee, shrimp, automobile wire harnesses, cigars, bananas, gold, palm oil, fruit, lobster, lumbe and the most important export partners are US 36.7%, Germany 10.7%, El Salvador 8.6%, Guatemala 6.5%, Netherlands 5.4%, Nicaragua 5.3% (2016). The most important import commodities are communications equipment, machinery and transport, industrial raw materials, chemical products, fuels, foodstuffs and the most important import partners are US 32.8%, China 14.1%, Guatemala 8.9%, Mexico 7.3%, El Salvador 5.7% (2016). How rich is Honduras and how rich are people in this country? The most important number here is GDP per capita (PPP): $5,500 (2017 est.). This is quite a low number. Let's add that this means Gross Domestic Product per person, which is recalculated with respect to the relative cost of local goods and services. And one more important number - population below poverty line: 29.6% (2014).