World Atlas: Nauru. On this page you can see the map, country flag and many detailed information about the people, history and economy of Nauru.
Here you can find online selected information about the geography, inhabitants, government, economy and history of Nauru. Included are selected statistics, an overview map and the detailed map of Nauru. But let's start with the flag of Nauru here:
Nauru - Overview:
What you should know about Nauru? Let's start with this: The exact origins of the Nauruans are unclear since their language does not resemble any other in the Pacific region. Germany annexed the island in 1888. A German-British consortium began mining the island's phosphate deposits early in the 20th century. Australian forces occupied Nauru in World War I; it subsequently became a League of Nations mandate. After the Second World War - and a brutal occupation by Japan - Nauru became a UN trust territory. It achieved independence in 1968 and joined the UN in 1999 as the world's smallest independent republic.
Geography of Nauru
Where on the globe is Nauru? The location of this country is Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands. Total area of Nauru is 21 sq km, of which 21 sq km is land. So this is quite a small country. How could we describe the terrain of the country? This way: sandy beach rises to fertile ring around raised coral reefs with phosphate plateau in cente. The lowest point of Nauru is Pacific Ocean 0 m, the highest point Command Ridge 70 m. And the climate is tropical with a monsoonal pattern; rainy season (November to February).
Inhabitants of Nauru
Let's take a look how many people live in Nauru. The number is: 11,359 (July 2017 est.). So not so many people live here. Who lives here? Nauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander 26%, Chinese 8%, European 8%. What are the languages in Nauru? Nauruan 93% (official, a distinct Pacific Island language), English 2% (widely understood, spoken, and used for most government and commercial purposes), other 5% (includes I-Kiribati 2% and Chinese 2%). And the religions: Protestant 60.4% (includes Nauru Congregational 35.7%, Assembly of God 13%, Nauru Independent Church 9.5%, Baptist 1.5%, and Seventh Day Adventist 0.7%), Roman Catholic 33%, other 3.7%, none 1.8%, unspecified 1.1% (2011 est.). How old are the people in average? 26.4 years. We have to add that this number is the median - so one half of the people is older than this, one half is younger. And what is their life expectancy (at birth)? This: 67.4 years. Where the people live in Nauru? Here: extensive phosphate mining made approximately 90% of the island unsuitable for farming; most people live in the fertile coastal areas, especially along the southwest coast. The major urban areas of Nauru are: unknown.
Government and Economy of Nauru
The capital of Nauru is "Nauru Bwiema" (Song of Nauru) and the government type parliamentary republic. Let's take a look at the administrative divisions - 14 districts; Aiwo, Anabar, Anetan, Anibare, Baitsi, Boe, Buada, Denigomodu, Ewa, Ijuw, Meneng, Nibok, Uaboe, Yaren. Regarding the economy of Nauru, important industrial products are phosphate mining, offshore banking, coconut products. Important agricultural products are coconuts. The most important export commodities are phosphates and the most important export partners are Nigeria 45.5%, Australia 13.7%, Japan 13%, South Korea 11.1%, NZ 8.7% (2016). The most important import commodities are food, fuel, manufactures, building materials, machinery and the most important import partners are Australia 71.9%, Fiji 8.1%, Japan 4.4% (2016). How rich is Nauru and how rich are people in this country? The most important number here is GDP per capita (PPP): $12,200 (2017 est.). This is quite good. Let's add that this means Gross Domestic Product per person, which is recalculated with respect to the relative cost of local goods and services. And one more important number - population below poverty line: NA%.