World Atlas: New Zealand. On this page you can see the map, country flag and many detailed information about the people, history and economy of New Zealand.
Here you can find online selected information about the geography, inhabitants, government, economy and history of New Zealand. Included are selected statistics, an overview map and the detailed map of New Zealand. But let's start with the flag of New Zealand here:
New Zealand - Overview:
What you should know about New Zealand? Let's start with this: The Polynesian Maori reached New Zealand in about A.D. 800. In 1840, their chieftains entered into a compact with Britain, the Treaty of Waitangi, in which they ceded sovereignty to Queen Victoria while retaining territorial rights. That same year, the British began the first organized colonial settlement. A series of land wars between 1843 and 1872 ended with the defeat of the native peoples. The British colony of New Zealand became an independent dominion in 1907 and supported the UK militarily in both world wars. New Zealand's full participation in a number of defense alliances lapsed by the 1980s. In recent years, the government has sought to address longstanding Maori grievances.
Geography of New Zealand
Where on the globe is New Zealand? The location of this country is Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia. Total area of New Zealand is 268,838 sq km, of which 264,537 sq km is land. So this is quite a large country. How could we describe the terrain of the country? This way: predominately mountainous with large coastal plains. The lowest point of New Zealand is Pacific Ocean 0 m, the highest point Aoraki-Mount Cook 3,724 m. And the climate is temperate with sharp regional contrasts.
Inhabitants of New Zealand
Let's take a look how many people live in New Zealand. The number is: 4,510,327 (July 2017 est.). So this is not very populous country. Who lives here? European 71.2%, Maori 14.1%, Asian 11.3%, Pacific peoples 7.6%, Middle Eastern, Latin American, African 1.1%, other 1.6%, not stated or unidentified 5.4%. What are the languages in New Zealand? English (de facto official) 89.8%, Maori (de jure official) 3.5%, Samoan 2%, Hindi 1.6%, French 1.2%, Northern Chinese 1.2%, Yue 1%, other or not stated 20.5%, New Zealand Sign Language (de jure official). And the religions: Christian 44.3% (Catholic 11.6%, Anglican 10.8%, Presbyterian and Congregational 7.8%, Methodist, 2.4%, Pentecostal 1.8%, other 9.9%), Hindu 2.1%, Buddhist 1.4%, Maori Christian 1.3%, Islam 1.1%, other religion 1.4% (includes Judaism, Spiritualism and New Age religions, Baha'i, Asian religions other than Buddhism), no religion 38.5%, not stated or unidentified 8.2%, objected to answering 4.1%. How old are the people in average? 37.9 years. We have to add that this number is the median - so one half of the people is older than this, one half is younger. And what is their life expectancy (at birth)? This: 81.3 years. Where the people live in New Zealand? Here: over three-quarters of New Zealanders, including the indigenous Maori, live on the North Island, primarily in urban areas. The major urban areas of New Zealand are: Auckland 1.344 million; Wellington (capital) 383,000 (2015).
Government and Economy of New Zealand
The capital of New Zealand is Wellington and the government type parliamentary democracy (New Zealand Parliament) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm. Let's take a look at the administrative divisions - 16 regions and 1 territory; Auckland, Bay of Plenty, Canterbury, Chatham Islands, Gisborne, Hawke's Bay, Manawatu-Wanganui, Marlborough, Nelson, Northland, Otago, Southland, Taranaki, Tasman, Waikato, Wellington, West Coast. Regarding the economy of New Zealand, important industrial products are agriculture, forestry, fishing, logs and wood articles, manufacturing, mining, construction, financial services, real estate services, tourism. Important agricultural products are dairy products, sheep, beef, poultry, fruit, vegetables, wine, seafood, wheat and barley. The most important export commodities are dairy products, meat and edible offal, logs and wood articles, fruit, crude oil, wine and the most important export partners are China 19.4%, Australia 17.1%, US 10.9%, Japan 6.2% (2016). The most important import commodities are petroleum and products, mechanical machinery, vehicles and parts, electrical machinery, textiles and the most important import partners are China 19.9%, Australia 12.6%, US 11.3%, Japan 7.1%, Germany 4.8%, Thailand 4.5%, South Korea 4.2% (2016). How rich is New Zealand and how rich are people in this country? The most important number here is GDP per capita (PPP): $38,500 (2017 est.). This means the living standards are good here. Let's add that this means Gross Domestic Product per person, which is recalculated with respect to the relative cost of local goods and services. And one more important number - population below poverty line: NA%.