World Atlas: Solomon Islands. On this page you can see the map, country flag and many detailed information about the people, history and economy of Solomon Islands.
Here you can find online selected information about the geography, inhabitants, government, economy and history of Solomon Islands. Included are selected statistics, an overview map and the detailed map of Solomon Islands. But let's start with the flag of Solomon Islands here:
Solomon Islands - Overview:
What you should know about Solomon Islands? Let's start with this: The UK established a protectorate over the Solomon Islands in the 1890s. Some of the bitterest fighting of World War II occurred on this archipelago. Self-government was achieved in 1976 and independence two years later. Ethnic violence, government malfeasance, endemic crime, and a narrow economic base have undermined stability and civil society. In June 2003, then Prime Minister Sir Allan Kemakeza sought the assistance of Australia in reestablishing law and order; the following month, an Australian-led multinational force arrived to restore peace and disarm ethnic militias. The Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (Ramsi) has generally been effective in restoring law and order and rebuilding government institutions.
Geography of Solomon Islands
Where on the globe is Solomon Islands? The location of this country is Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea. Total area of Solomon Islands is 28,896 sq km, of which 27,986 sq km is land. So this is not a large country. How could we describe the terrain of the country? This way: mostly rugged mountains with some low coral atolls. The lowest point of Solomon Islands is Pacific Ocean 0 m, the highest point Mount Popomanaseu 2,335 m. And the climate is tropical monsoon; few temperature and weather extremes.
Inhabitants of Solomon Islands
Let's take a look how many people live in Solomon Islands. The number is: 647,581 (July 2017 est.). So not so many people live here. Who lives here? Melanesian 95.3%, Polynesian 3.1%, Micronesian 1.2%, other 0.3% (2009 est.). What are the languages in Solomon Islands? Melanesian pidgin (in much of the country is lingua franca), English (official but spoken by only 1%-2% of the population), 120 indigenous languages. And the religions: Protestant 73.4% (Church of Melanesia 31.9%, South Sea Evangelical 17.1%, Seventh Day Adventist 11.7%, United Church 10.1%, Christian Fellowship Church 2.5%), Roman Catholic 19.6%, other Christian 2.9%, other 4%, none 0.03%, unspecified 0.1% (2009 est.). How old are the people in average? 22.5 years. We have to add that this number is the median - so one half of the people is older than this, one half is younger. And what is their life expectancy (at birth)? This: 75.6 years. Where the people live in Solomon Islands? Here: most of the population lives along the coastal regions; about one in five live in urban areas, and of these some two-thirds reside in Honiara, the largest town and chief port. The major urban areas of Solomon Islands are: Honiara (capital) 73,000 (2014).
Government and Economy of Solomon Islands
The capital of Solomon Islands is Honiara and the government type parliamentary democracy (National Parliament) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm. Let's take a look at the administrative divisions - 9 provinces and 1 city; Central, Choiseul, Guadalcanal, Honiara, Isabel, Makira and Ulawa, Malaita, Rennell and Bellona, Temotu, Western. Regarding the economy of Solomon Islands, important industrial products are fish (tuna), mining, timbe. Important agricultural products are cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels, rice, fruit; cattle, pigs; fish; timbe. The most important export commodities are timber, fish, copra, palm oil, cocoa and the most important export partners are China 62.4%, Italy 7%, UK 4.4% (2016). The most important import commodities are food, plant and equipment, manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals and the most important import partners are China 25.3%, Australia 15.5%, Singapore 9.6%, Malaysia 9.5%, Japan 5.2%, South Korea 5%, NZ 5%, Papua New Guinea 4.4% (2016). How rich is Solomon Islands and how rich are people in this country? The most important number here is GDP per capita (PPP): $2,100 (2017 est.). This is a very low number. Let's add that this means Gross Domestic Product per person, which is recalculated with respect to the relative cost of local goods and services. And one more important number - population below poverty line: NA%.