World Atlas: Tuvalu. On this page you can see the map, country flag and many detailed information about the people, history and economy of Tuvalu.
Here you can find online selected information about the geography, inhabitants, government, economy and history of Tuvalu. Included are selected statistics, an overview map and the detailed map of Tuvalu. But let's start with the flag of Tuvalu here:
Tuvalu - Overview:
What you should know about Tuvalu? Let's start with this: In 1974, ethnic differences within the British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands caused the Polynesians of the Ellice Islands to vote for separation from the Micronesians of the Gilbert Islands. The following year, the Ellice Islands became the separate British colony of Tuvalu. Independence was granted in 1978. In 2000, Tuvalu negotiated a contract leasing its Internet domain name ".tv" for $50 million in royalties over a 12-year period. The agreement was subsequently renegotiated but details were not disclosed.
Geography of Tuvalu
Where on the globe is Tuvalu? The location of this country is Oceania, island group consisting of nine coral atolls in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way from Hawaii to Australia. Total area of Tuvalu is 26 sq km, of which 26 sq km is land. So this is quite a small country. How could we describe the terrain of the country? This way: low-lying and narrow coral atolls. The lowest point of Tuvalu is Pacific Ocean 0 m, the highest point unnamed location 5 m. And the climate is tropical; moderated by easterly trade winds (March to November); westerly gales and heavy rain (November to March).
Inhabitants of Tuvalu
Let's take a look how many people live in Tuvalu. The number is: 11,052 (July 2017 est.). So not so many people live here. Who lives here? Polynesian 96%, Micronesian 4%. What are the languages in Tuvalu? Tuvaluan (official), English (official), Samoan, Kiribati (on the island of Nui). And the religions: Protestant 98.4% (Church of Tuvalu (Congregationalist) 97%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.4%), Baha'i 1%, other 0.6%. How old are the people in average? 25.7 years. We have to add that this number is the median - so one half of the people is older than this, one half is younger. And what is their life expectancy (at birth)? This: 66.9 years. Where the people live in Tuvalu? Here: over half of the population resides on the atoll of Funafuti. The major urban areas of Tuvalu are: Funafuti (capital) 6,000 (2014).
Government and Economy of Tuvalu
The capital of Tuvalu is Funafuti; note - the capital is an atoll of some 29 islets; administrative offices are in Vaiaku Village on Fongafale Islet and the government type parliamentary democracy (House of Assembly) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm. Let's take a look at the administrative divisions - 7 island councils and 1 town council; Funafuti, Nanumaga, Nanumea, Niutao, Nui, Nukufetau, Nukulaelae, Vaitupu. Regarding the economy of Tuvalu, important industrial products are fishing. Important agricultural products are coconuts; fish. The most important export commodities are copra, fish and the most important export partners are Bosnia and Herzegovina 24.8%, Singapore 18.8%, Nigeria 17.3%, Fiji 14.5%, US 6% (2016). The most important import commodities are food, animals, mineral fuels, machinery, manufactured goods and the most important import partners are Singapore 51.3%, NZ 9.4%, Australia 8.6%, US 6.8%, Japan 6.1%, Fiji 5.9% (2016). How rich is Tuvalu and how rich are people in this country? The most important number here is GDP per capita (PPP): $3,800 (2017 est.). This is a very low number. Let's add that this means Gross Domestic Product per person, which is recalculated with respect to the relative cost of local goods and services. And one more important number - population below poverty line: 26.3% (2010 est.).