World Atlas: Argentina. On this page you can see the map, country flag and many detailed information about the people, history and economy of Argentina.
Here you can find online selected information about the geography, inhabitants, government, economy and history of Argentina. Included are selected statistics, an overview map and the detailed map of Argentina. But let's start with the flag of Argentina here:
Argentina - Overview:
What you should know about Argentina? Let's start with this: In 1816, the United Provinces of the Rio Plata declared their independence from Spain. After Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay went their separate ways, the area that remained became Argentina. The country's population and culture were heavily shaped by immigrants from throughout Europe, with Italy and Spain providing the largest percentage of newcomers from 1860 to 1930. Up until about the mid-20th century, much of Argentina's history was dominated by periods of internal political conflict between Federalists and Unitarians and between civilian and military factions. After World War II, an era of Peronist populism and direct and indirect military interference in subsequent governments was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976. Democracy returned in 1983 after a failed bid to seize the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) by force, and has persisted despite numerous challenges, the most formidable of which was a severe economic crisis in 2001-02 that led to violent public protests and the successive resignations of several presidents. The years 2003-15 saw Peronist rule by Nestor and Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, whose policies isolated Argentina and caused economic stagnation. With the election of Mauricio Macri in November 2015, Argentina began a period of reform and international reintegration.
Geography of Argentina
Where on the globe is Argentina? The location of this country is Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay. Total area of Argentina is 2,780,400 sq km, of which 2,736,690 sq km is land. So this is very large country. How could we describe the terrain of the country? This way: rich plains of the Pampas in northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in south, rugged Andes along western borde. The lowest point of Argentina is Laguna del Carbon -105 m (located between Puerto San Julian and Comandante Luis Piedra Buena in the province of Santa Cruz), the highest point Cerro Aconcagua 6,962 m (located in the northwestern corner of the province of Mendoza; highest point in South America). And the climate is mostly temperate; arid in southeast; subantarctic in southwest.
Inhabitants of Argentina
Let's take a look how many people live in Argentina. The number is: 44,293,293 (July 2017 est.). So quite a lot people live here. Who lives here? European (mostly Spanish and Italian descent) and mestizo (mixed European and Amerindian ancestry) 97.2%, Amerindian 2.4%, African 0.4% (2010 est.). What are the languages in Argentina? Spanish (official), Italian, English, German, French, indigenous (Mapudungun, Quechua). And the religions: nominally Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%. How old are the people in average? 31.7 years. We have to add that this number is the median - so one half of the people is older than this, one half is younger. And what is their life expectancy (at birth)? This: 77.3 years. Where the people live in Argentina? Here: one-third of the population lives in Buenos Aires; pockets of agglomeration occur throughout the northern and central parts of the country; Patagonia to the south remains sparsely populated. The major urban areas of Argentina are: Buenos Aires (capital) 15.18 million; Cordoba 1.511 million; Rosario 1.381 million; Mendoza 1.009 million; San Miguel de Tucuman 910,000; La Plata 846,000 (2015).
Government and Economy of Argentina
The capital of Argentina is Buenos Aires and the government type presidential republic. Let's take a look at the administrative divisions - 23 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 autonomous city; Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut, Ciudad Autonoma de Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, San Juan, San Luis, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Santiago del Estero, Tierra del Fuego - Antartida e Islas del Atlantico Sur (Tierra del Fuego), Tucuman. Regarding the economy of Argentina, important industrial products are food processing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy, steel. Important agricultural products are sunflower seeds, lemons, soybeans, grapes, corn, tobacco, peanuts, tea, wheat; livestock. The most important export commodities are soybeans and derivatives, petroleum and gas, vehicles, corn, wheat and the most important export partners are Brazil 15.5%, US 7.7%, China 7.6%, Vietnam 4.4% (2016). The most important import commodities are machinery, motor vehicles, petroleum and natural gas, organic chemicals, plastics and the most important import partners are Brazil 24.3%, China 18.7%, US 12.5%, Germany 5.5% (2016). How rich is Argentina and how rich are people in this country? The most important number here is GDP per capita (PPP): $20,700 (2017 est.). This means the living standards are good here. Let's add that this means Gross Domestic Product per person, which is recalculated with respect to the relative cost of local goods and services. And one more important number - population below poverty line: 32.2%.