World Atlas: Grenada. On this page you can see the map, country flag and many detailed information about the people, history and economy of Grenada.
Here you can find online selected information about the geography, inhabitants, government, economy and history of Grenada. Included are selected statistics, an overview map and the detailed map of Grenada. But let's start with the flag of Grenada here:
Grenada - Overview:
What you should know about Grenada? Let's start with this: Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when Christopher Columbus discovered the island in 1498, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century. The French settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production. In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained in 1974 making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere. Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since then.
Geography of Grenada
Where on the globe is Grenada? The location of this country is Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago. Total area of Grenada is 344 sq km, of which 344 sq km is land. So this is quite a small country. How could we describe the terrain of the country? This way: volcanic in origin with central mountains. The lowest point of Grenada is Caribbean Sea 0 m, the highest point Mount Saint Catherine 840 m. And the climate is tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds.
Inhabitants of Grenada
Let's take a look how many people live in Grenada. The number is: 111,724 (July 2017 est.). So not so many people live here. Who lives here? African descent 82.4%, mixed 13.3%, East Indian 2.2%, other 1.3%, unspecified 0.9% (2011 est.). What are the languages in Grenada? English (official), French patois. And the religions: Protestant 49.2% (includes Pentecostal 17.2%, Seventh Day Adventist 13.2%, Anglican 8.5%, Baptist 3.2%, Church of God 2.4%, Evangelical 1.9%, Methodist 1.6%, other 1.2%), Roman Catholic 36%, Jehovah's Witness 1.2%, Rastafarian 1.2%, other 5.5%, none 5.7%, unspecified 1.3% (2011 est.). How old are the people in average? 31.5 years. We have to add that this number is the median - so one half of the people is older than this, one half is younger. And what is their life expectancy (at birth)? This: 74.5 years. Where the people live in Grenada? Here: approximately one-third of the population is found in the capital of St. George's; the island's population is concentrated along the coast. The major urban areas of Grenada are: Saint George's (capital) 38,000 (2014).
Government and Economy of Grenada
The capital of Grenada is Saint George's and the government type parliamentary democracy (Parliament); a Commonwealth realm. Let's take a look at the administrative divisions - 6 parishes and 1 dependency; Carriacou and Petite Martinique, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick. Regarding the economy of Grenada, important industrial products are food and beverages, textiles, light assembly operations, tourism, construction. Important agricultural products are bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, mace, citrus, avocados, root crops, sugarcane, corn, vegetables. The most important export commodities are nutmeg, bananas, cocoa, fruit and vegetables, clothing, mace and the most important export partners are US 28.4%, Japan 11%, Dominica 7.9%, St. Lucia 7.6%, Netherlands 5.2%, Barbados 4.9%, St. Kitts and Nevis 4.8% (2016). The most important import commodities are food, manufactured goods, machinery, chemicals, fuel and the most important import partners are US 32.7%, Trinidad and Tobago 23.5%, China 6%, Japan 4.6% (2016). How rich is Grenada and how rich are people in this country? The most important number here is GDP per capita (PPP): $14,700 (2017 est.). This is quite good. Let's add that this means Gross Domestic Product per person, which is recalculated with respect to the relative cost of local goods and services. And one more important number - population below poverty line: 38% (2008 est.).