World Atlas: Northern Mariana Islands. On this page you can see the map, country flag and many detailed information about the people, history and economy of Northern Mariana Islands.
Here you can find online selected information about the geography, inhabitants, government, economy and history of Northern Mariana Islands. Included are selected statistics, an overview map and the detailed map of Northern Mariana Islands. But let's start with the flag of Northern Mariana Islands here:
Northern Mariana Islands - Overview:
What you should know about Northern Mariana Islands? Let's start with this: Under US administration as part of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific, the people of the Northern Mariana Islands decided in the 1970s not to seek independence but instead to forge closer links with the US. Negotiations for territorial status began in 1972. A covenant to establish a commonwealth in political union with the US was approved in 1975, and came into force on 24 March 1976. A new government and constitution went into effect in 1978.
Geography of Northern Mariana Islands
Where on the globe is Northern Mariana Islands? The location of this country is Oceania, islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines. Total area of Northern Mariana Islands is 464 sq km, of which 464 sq km is land. So this is quite a small country. How could we describe the terrain of the country? This way: the southern islands in this north-south trending archipelago are limestone, with fringing coral reefs; the northern islands are volcanic, with active volcanoes on several islands. The lowest point of Northern Mariana Islands is Pacific Ocean 0 m, the highest point unnamed elevation on Agrihan 965 m. And the climate is tropical marine; moderated by northeast trade winds, little seasonal temperature variation; dry season December to June, rainy season July to Octobe.
Inhabitants of Northern Mariana Islands
Let's take a look how many people live in Northern Mariana Islands. The number is: 52,263 (July 2017 est.). So not so many people live here. Who lives here? Asian 50% (includes Filipino 35.3%, Chinese 6.8%, Korean 4.2%, and other Asian 3.7%), Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander 34.9% (includes Chamorro 23.9%, Carolinian 4.6%, and other Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 6.4%), other 2.5%, two or more ethnicities or races 12.7% (2010 est.). What are the languages in Northern Mariana Islands? Philippine languages 32.8%, Chamorro (official) 24.1%, English (official) 17%, other Pacific island languages 10.1%, Chinese 6.8%, other Asian languages 7.3%, other 1.9% (2010 est.). And the religions: Christian (Roman Catholic majority, although traditional beliefs and taboos may still be found). How old are the people in average? 33.6 years. We have to add that this number is the median - so one half of the people is older than this, one half is younger. And what is their life expectancy (at birth)? This: 75.4 years. Where the people live in Northern Mariana Islands? Here: approximately 90% of the population lives on the island of Saipan. The major urban areas of Northern Mariana Islands are: Saipan (capital) 49,000 (2014).
Government and Economy of Northern Mariana Islands
The capital of Northern Mariana Islands is Saipan and the government type presidential democracy; a commonwealth in political union with the US. Let's take a look at the administrative divisions - none (commonwealth in political union with the US); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 4 municipalities at the second order: Northern Islands, Rota, Saipan, Tinian. Regarding the economy of Northern Mariana Islands, important industrial products are tourism, banking, construction, fishing, handicrafts, other services. Important agricultural products are vegetables and melons, fruits and nuts; ornamental plants; livestock, poultry, eggs; fish and aquaculture products. The most important export commodities are garments and the most important export partners are unknown. The most important import commodities are food, construction equipment and materials, petroleum products and the most important import partners are unknown. How rich is Northern Mariana Islands and how rich are people in this country? The most important number here is GDP per capita (PPP): $13,300 (2013 est.). This is quite good. Let's add that this means Gross Domestic Product per person, which is recalculated with respect to the relative cost of local goods and services. And one more important number - population below poverty line: NA%.