World Atlas: Turks and Caicos Islands. On this page you can see the map, country flag and many detailed information about the people, history and economy of Turks and Caicos Islands.
Here you can find online selected information about the geography, inhabitants, government, economy and history of Turks and Caicos Islands. Included are selected statistics, an overview map and the detailed map of Turks and Caicos Islands. But let's start with the flag of Turks and Caicos Islands here:
Turks and Caicos Islands - Overview:
What you should know about Turks and Caicos Islands? Let's start with this: The islands were part of the UK's Jamaican colony until 1962, when they assumed the status of a separate crown colony upon Jamaica's independence. The governor of The Bahamas oversaw affairs from 1965 to 1973. With Bahamian independence, the islands received a separate governor in 1973. Although independence was agreed upon for 1982, the policy was reversed and the islands remain a British overseas territory. Grand Turk island suffered extensive damage from Hurricane Maria on 22 September 2017 resulting in loss of power and communications as well as damage to housing and businesses.
Geography of Turks and Caicos Islands
Where on the globe is Turks and Caicos Islands? The location of this country is two island groups in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of The Bahamas, north of Haiti. Total area of Turks and Caicos Islands is 948 sq km, of which 948 sq km is land. So this is quite a small country. How could we describe the terrain of the country? This way: low, flat limestone; extensive marshes and mangrove swamps. The lowest point of Turks and Caicos Islands is Caribbean Sea 0 m, the highest point Blue Hill on Providenciales and Flamingo Hill on East Caicos 48 m. And the climate is tropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry.
Inhabitants of Turks and Caicos Islands
Let's take a look how many people live in Turks and Caicos Islands. The number is: 52,570 (July 2017 est.). So not so many people live here. Who lives here? black 87.6%, white 7.9%, mixed 2.5%, East Indian 1.3%, other 0.7% (2006). What are the languages in Turks and Caicos Islands? English (official). And the religions: Protestant 72.8% (Baptist 35.8%, Church of God 11.7%, Anglican 10%, Methodist 9.3%, Seventh-Day Adventist 6%), Roman Catholic 11.4%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.8%, other 14%. How old are the people in average? 33.3 years. We have to add that this number is the median - so one half of the people is older than this, one half is younger. And what is their life expectancy (at birth)? This: 80 years. Where the people live in Turks and Caicos Islands? Here: eight of the thirty islands are inhabited; the island of Providenciales is the most populated, but the most densely populated is Grand Turk. The major urban areas of Turks and Caicos Islands are: Grand TURK (capital) 5,000 (2014).
Government and Economy of Turks and Caicos Islands
The capital of Turks and Caicos Islands is Grand Turk (Cockburn Town) and the government type parliamentary democracy (House of Assembly); self-governing overseas territory of the UK. Let's take a look at the administrative divisions - none (overseas territory of the UK). Regarding the economy of Turks and Caicos Islands, important industrial products are tourism, offshore financial services. Important agricultural products are corn, beans, cassava (manioc, tapioca), citrus fruits; fish. The most important export commodities are lobster, dried and fresh conch, conch shells and the most important export partners are unknown. The most important import commodities are food and beverages, tobacco, clothing, manufactures, construction materials and the most important import partners are unknown. How rich is Turks and Caicos Islands and how rich are people in this country? The most important number here is GDP per capita (PPP): $29,100 (2007 est.). This means the living standards are good here. Let's add that this means Gross Domestic Product per person, which is recalculated with respect to the relative cost of local goods and services. And one more important number - population below poverty line: NA%.