World Atlas: Andorra. On this page you can see the map, country flag and many detailed information about the people, history and economy of Andorra.
Here you can find online selected information about the geography, inhabitants, government, economy and history of Andorra. Included are selected statistics, an overview map and the detailed map of Andorra. But let's start with the flag of Andorra here:
Andorra - Overview:
What you should know about Andorra? Let's start with this: The landlocked Principality of Andorra is one of the smallest states in Europe, nestled high in the Pyrenees between the French and Spanish borders. For 715 years, from 1278 to 1993, Andorrans lived under a unique coprincipality, ruled by French and Spanish leaders (from 1607 onward, the French chief of state and the Bishop of Urgell). In 1993, this feudal system was modified with the introduction of a modern, constitution; the co-princes remained as titular heads of state, but the government transformed into a parliamentary democracy. Andorra has become a popular tourist destination visited by approximately 8 million people each year drawn by the winter sports, summer climate, and duty-free shopping. Andorra has also become a wealthy international commercial center because of its mature banking sector and low taxes. As part of its effort to modernize its economy, Andorra has opened to foreign investment, and engaged in other reforms, such as advancing tax initiatives aimed at supporting a broader infrastructure. Although not a member of the EU, Andorra enjoys a special relationship with the bloc that is governed by various customs and cooperation agreements and uses the euro as its national currency.
Geography of Andorra
Where on the globe is Andorra? The location of this country is Southwestern Europe, Pyrenees mountains, on the border between France and Spain. Total area of Andorra is 468 sq km, of which 468 sq km is land. So this is quite a small country. How could we describe the terrain of the country? This way: rugged mountains dissected by narrow valleys. The lowest point of Andorra is Riu Runer 840 m, the highest point Pic de Coma Pedrosa 2,946 m. And the climate is temperate; snowy, cold winters and warm, dry summers.
Inhabitants of Andorra
Let's take a look how many people live in Andorra. The number is: 76,965 (July 2017 est.). So not so many people live here. Who lives here? Andorran 46.2%, Spanish 26.4%, Portuguese 12.8%, French 5%, other 9.6% (2016 est.). What are the languages in Andorra? Catalan (official), French, Castilian, Portuguese. And the religions: Roman Catholic (predominant). How old are the people in average? 44.3 years. We have to add that this number is the median - so one half of the people is older than this, one half is younger. And what is their life expectancy (at birth)? This: 82.9 years. Where the people live in Andorra? Here: population is unevenly distributed and is concentrated in the 7 urbanized valleys that make up the country's parishes (political administrative divisions). The major urban areas of Andorra are: Andorra LA Vella (capital) 23,000 (2014).
Government and Economy of Andorra
The capital of Andorra is Andorra la Vella and the government type parliamentary democracy (since March 1993) that retains its chiefs of state in the form of a co-principality; the two princes are the President of France and Bishop of Seu d'Urgell, Spain, who delegate responsibility to other officials. Let's take a look at the administrative divisions - 7 parishes (parroquies, singular - parroquia); Andorra la Vella, Canillo, Encamp, Escaldes-Engordany, La Massana, Ordino, Sant Julia de Loria. Regarding the economy of Andorra, important industrial products are tourism (particularly skiing), banking, timber, furniture. Important agricultural products are small quantities of rye, wheat, barley, oats, vegetables, tobacco; sheep, cattle. The most important export commodities are tobacco products, furniture and the most important export partners are unknown. The most important import commodities are consumer goods, food, fuel, electricity and the most important import partners are unknown. How rich is Andorra and how rich are people in this country? The most important number here is GDP per capita (PPP): $49,900 (2015 est.). This means the people are rich on average here. Let's add that this means Gross Domestic Product per person, which is recalculated with respect to the relative cost of local goods and services. And one more important number - population below poverty line: NA%.